pearl millet , bajra , what is bajra

What is pearl millet | Benefits of bajra | Millet recipes

Pearl millet is one of the major millet grains in India. In India, pearl millet is popularly known as Bajra. In this article we will help you to know all about pearl millet like it’s the origin, botanical name, state-wise name of bajra, various benefits of bajra and a few popular millet recipes. pearl millet , bajra , what is bajra


What is pearl millet

Pearl millet also known as Pennisetum glaucum or Bajra is one of the widely grown types of millet in India. The seeds or grains are small, round, and golden yellow. It is usually used for hay, pasture, seed crops, and food.

what is pearl millet

Pearl Millet is one of the oldest cultivated crops since pre-historic times and ranks as the sixth most important grain in the world. It is a cereal crop grown at a very large scale in India



Origin of pearl millet

According to some archaeobotanical researchers, pearl millet was first introduced in the Sahel region of northern Mali from West Africa between 2500 and 2000 BC.

Later it becomes popular in India between 1500 and 1100 BCE.

origin of pearl millet

As Bajra can grow easily on high salinity soils or low pH soil. It is one of those cereal crops which can easily survive in difficult weather conditions.

Bajra is widely cultivated in Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujrat, and Uttarpradesh from which Rajasthan is the top producer of pearl millet which helps India to become the largest producer of Bajra.


Botanical name of bajra

Pearl millet, is a type of millet in the Poaceae family. These can be nearly white, pale yellow, brown, grey, slate blue or purple. The height of the plant ranges from 0.5 – 4 m.


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What is pearl millet called in different states

Pearl millet or bajra is very popular in various regional names among different states. Here you will know different names of bajra.


Pearl millet in Hindi

Millet is called bajra in hindi, especially in north indian states like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh etc.


Pearl millet in Tamil

Millet is popularly known as Kambu in tamil.

Pearl millet in Telugu

Pearl millet is called Sajjalu in telugu.


Pearl millet in Malayalam

In Malayalam pearl millet is also called Kambu.


Millet in Kannada

In kannada it is popularly known as Sajje.


Pearl millet in Marathi

Pearl millet is called Bajri in marathi.


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Benefits of bajra

benefits of bajra

Just like other whole-food grains bajra has various health benefits.


  • Pearl millet is healthy food for diabetic patients because it is a good source of carbohydrates, protein, vitamins and minerals so that it can digest slowly and maintain a stable glucose level for a long period.


  • As millet is rich in dietary fibres and cholesterol-lowering properties these are good for heart patients.


  • Pearl millet is gluten free so it is very beneficial for those people who have celiac disease and gluten intolerance.


  • The high phosphorus content of bajra helps in making your bones stronger.


  • Bajra is known for its richness in potassium which is needed for those with high blood pressure. Consuming more foods rich in potassium will help flush out sodium from your body, which in turn will reduce blood pressure



How to cook bajra

how to cook bajra

Bajra is a healthy food, you can use bajra in your diet instead of rice, quinoa, oats, and other grains.

  • To cook bajra, in a pan or wok add 2 cups water and 1 cup millet or 125-gram millet to boil for 5 min. Next, reduce the flame and simmer for about 10 to 15 minutes. In this way, you get a light, fluffy millet.


  • But if you want porridge like bajra, you can dry roast millet sometimes to get an aromatic nutty flavour. Then follow the method as before but just increase the water amount to 1 more cup.



Pearl millet recipes

pearl millet recipes

Pearl millet is considered a staple food in Africa and India where it is used to make flour, flatbread, porridge, dosa, Poha, and Upma.

In India in every region where Bajra is easily available we can see a lot of popular regional millet recipes for example In Rajasthan Bajre ki roti, In Tamil Nadu, we can see kamban choru or ” kamban koozh “ when bajra is boiled to make porridge.


What is pearl millet | Benefits of bajra | Pearl millet recipes

pearl millet , bajra , what is bajra

Pearl millet or bajra is one of the popular food grains in india.To know more about bajra read the article.


  • 100 grams of pearl millet or bajra


What is pearl millet

  1. Now you knew what is pearl millet, various benefits of bajra, and various millet recipes.
  2. Next time whenever you will use bajra in culinary purpose, you will be more aware of these ingredients.
  3. Enjoy your meal and happy cooking.

Nutrition Information

Serving Size

100 grams

Amount Per Serving Calories 365Total Fat 4.8gCholesterol 0mgSodium 5mgCarbohydrates 68gFiber 8gSugar 2.5gProtein 12g

Disclaimer: The information shown is an estimate provided by an online nutrition calculator. It should not be considered a substitute for a professional nutritionist’s advice.

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