As we all know coronavirus pandemic has rapidly spread around the world, and it took lives of many people.In this situation we all are anxious about hygiene and food safety.After thoroughly researched we share these easy kitchen tips on how to wash fruits and vegetables perfectly at home.
Though many people use one of the bad practice washing the fruits and vegetables in soap or detergent before consumption. Research suggests these drastic steps may not even be necessary in the first place.
Why should you wash fruits and vegetables?
The main reason to wash fruits and vegetables before eating is to clean it from any visible soil , pesticides and microbial pathogens like E.coil , Salmonella that can easily cause food borne disease.
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Best fruits and vegetable cleaning methods
In this present pandemic many people wonder what are the best fruits and vegetables cleaning methods?.
But according to expert if someone pre-soak and then rinsing fruits and vegetables under running water and in some cases give them bath in neutral electrolytic water or baking soda-water mixture is more than sufficient to clean fruits and vegetables before consumption.
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Important tips to remember
- Always choose fresh fruits or veggies from market that isn’t bruised or damaged.
- While preparing food, make sure use a separate cutting board for raw food, and never place salad or cut-fresh produce on a plate or surface that previously held raw meat, poultry, seafood, or eggs.
- Finally, store pre-cut and highly perishable fresh fruits in a ziplock bag and veggies such as berries, melon, and lettuce in the fridge and set at a temperature of 40° F or below.
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How to wash fruits and vegetables?
We all know fruits and vegetables are growing with chemicals which make them harmful if you dont wash them properly before consumption.
Here is some important precautions and generic guidelines you can follow to wash fruits and vegetables properly in order to remove the bacteria and dust that is on them.
First wash your hands thoroughly
The most important steps before washing any fruits and vegetables is to wash your hands thoroughly with soap or hand wash just before cleaning,
otherwise if your hands are dirty then you might end up making the fruits and vegetables dirty again.
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Wash firm fruits and vegetables
Now start washing with firm fruits like apple, mango, watermelon etc and vegetables like cucumber, melon etc just rinse them under running water
and remove the dirt by rubbing your hands or any microfiber towel. Don’t do these to any fruits and vegetables that are soft and delicate outer part.
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Wash delicate fruits and vegetables
When washing delicate fruits such as berries and vegetables like mushrooms do take extra care, never wash them directly with running water,
they may loose their shape and texture just wipe them with a damp cloth then pat dry with a kitchen towel otherwise they will turn soggy.
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Wash leafy vegetables
While washing leafy vegetables first take a bowl of water and dip the leafy vegetables in it and remove the dirt by your hands repeat this process until no dirt left.
Finally take out the vegetables and keep it on a strainer to remove excess water and make them dry. At the end, you must remove the outer leaves from all the leafy vegetables
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When you want to clean fruits and root vegetables like carrots, radish, potatoes , onions , beets as they have hard skin it is difficult to remove microbes from them.
So to clean it properly you can use a vegetable brush or sponge to gently scrub the skin.
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Never use soap or detergents
As per the guideline’s of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) you should never ever wash your fruits and vegetables with soap water or detergent.
Because soap or detergent residues may stay on fruits and vegetables can easily find its way through the peel and inside the flesh which will make the fruits and vegetables unfit for consumption.
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Cut the bad/rotten areas
Sometimes you can see a black spots or any rotten patches on your vegetables or fruit, don’t eat that part.
Just thoroughly clean the vegetables and fruits and remove that part before eating.
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Pat dry with towel
After thoroughly rinsed fruits and vegetables, now dry them using a clean paper or cloth towel.
More fragile produce can be laid out on the towel and gently patted or rolled around to dry them without damaging them.